Prosthodontics is a field dealing with treating defects from missing or deficient teeth. Missing or deficient teeth cause temporomandibular and gastrointestinal tract disorders. It is good to look into the future and remember that having a full set of teeth can be of important psychological meaning. Each prosthodontic filling requires that the patient exercises better care to ensure proper hygiene of their oral cavity and regularly visits a dentist for check-up and preventive appointments.
Our prosthodontic services include: fixed fillings, i.e. root crown inserts (made of different metal alloys, glass fibre), porcelain crowns, fully ceramic crowns, bridges, inlays, composite and ceramic onlays, veneers; removable fillings, i.e. complete dentures (for all missing teeth), frame dentures (for partial teeth loss) and implant prosthodontics (prosthodontics on implants).
A prosthetic crown is a fixed filling used when a tooth crown is strongly damaged, so it is impossible to reconstruct it with a light-cure material. A prosthetic crown is made of different materials, but currently, the most commonly used crowns are the ones made of porcelain with a metal base and fully ceramic crowns. A crown is a kind of a cap put on a tooth which must be previously prepared. During an arranged appointment, a dentist, with local anaesthesia, reduces a tooth to a suitable size. Then, impressions are made and sent to a prosthetic lab, where the crown is made in laboratory conditions. During the next appointment, the doctor provides the patient with a ready crown and, after it is accepted by the patient, permanently cements it into place.
Prosthetic crowns are very aesthetic and durable. A visually attractive crown can be made supragingivally or instragingivally. Prosthetic crowns are also placed on implants, with which they are connected with a so-called abutment. We should also mention temporary crowns, which can always be used by a patient when their tooth is reduced. Temporary crowns cover and protect reduced teeth until the next appointment. Such a crown is made of acryl or composite directly by a doctor in their office or in a prosthetic lab (when more intensive works are needed). During such works, the patient can always choose a temporary crown to feel more comfortable.
Bridges are fillings which reconstruct one or more missing teeth, and are based on patient’s own teeth (so-called bridge pillars). The bridge consists of pillars and a span. A span is the part of the bridge which fills the spot of the missing tooth and is fixed to tooth pillars. To put it simply, bridges are crowns blocked with a span. They are comfortable because they are fixed permanently. Their usage is very similar to using natural teeth. Bridges, similarly to prosthetic crowns, can be made of different materials. The bridge base can be made of alloys of steel, gold, platinum, and zirconium.
Veneers are small porcelain layers of material stuck to the tooth surface, used in cosmetic dentistry. With veneers, you can get a beautiful smile that will give you self-confidence in a really short time.
With veneers, you can whiten your teeth, improve their shape and colour, make them longer, wider, or reduce gaps between your teeth. It is also a good solution for those who want to whiten their teeth while retaining their natural shade, but hide permanent discolouration. Veneers are also used in case of unattractive grooves or slight teeth damages, e.g. fractures, chipped or rubbed edges.